Not every experienced owner has seen a cat cry, and this is undoubtedly good. Tears on the pet's face do not bode well. Keep in mind that cats cry in pain very rarely and only in the case of very serious injuries. Eyes in a wet place indicate stealthy ailments that need to be identified and treated. How to conduct an initial diagnosis and what to do to help the cat will figure it out below.
About cat tears - basic concepts, statistics, causes
It so happened that owners of outbred cats almost do not face problems with lacrimation in pets. In the same time among thoroughbred cats, especially with flattened faces, excessive tearfulness is manifested with a 60-70% probability. Statistically, pet owners (up to 1 year old) are more likely to be asked questions and lacrimation in a pet. Veterinarians strongly recommend that you study the characteristics of the breeds before buying a kitten. Problems with tears or inflammation of the eyes are characteristic of many cat breeds, but we will talk about this below.
The cat’s eyes are constantly moistened with mucous membranes and tears, if this does not happen, the eyes will dry out, which will negatively affect their condition. With problems with hydration, the four-legged feels a burning sensation in the eyes, and such problems can end with ulcerative keratitis or even blindness.
How to distinguish normal discharge from the eyes, from anxious and symptomatic?
Do not worry if you notice:
- Small grains in the corners of a cat’s eyes after sleeping - if you are irritated by such discharge, from an aesthetic point of view, they can be removed using a warm, moist sponge. If you do not intervene, the cat will cleanse the eyelids on its own when washing.
- That the eyes become wetter (shine stronger) after the cat stretched or played - the more mobile the animal behaves, the more active the mucous membranes and metabolism as a whole.
- Increased tearfulness in a stressful situation, including when a cat is glad to communicate with a person - not only tears, but also drooling can flow on the cat’s emotions, this is a little strange, but does not go beyond the norm.
When it comes to a kitten, more nuances. Cat-mother fully provides care for the eyes of kittens. If the baby is excommunicated too soon, he simply does not know how to wash properly or forgets to do it. At first, the eyes of the baby should be monitored independently, wipe the eyelids, remove the clusters in the corners, but do not overdo it. The kid must learn to care for himself and the path at first, he does everything very ineptly, instincts will take their toll and the kitten will begin to wash.
As a rule, tearing is preceded by symptoms that the owner does not notice. When a veterinarian encounters a cat constantly crying, he tries to establish a history. It often turns out that a few days before the symptoms were detected, the four-legged man rubbed or scratched his face. Naturally, these symptoms are not enough to establish the causes and clarify the diagnosis of profuse lacrimation. For an accurate diagnosis, it is better to contact a veterinary clinic, if this is not possible, try to find out the reasons yourself.
The first diagnosis that you need to either confirm or refute is conjunctivitis. If you notice that the cat has one eye crying, the cause is most likely due to infection. Conjunctivitis quickly spreads and progresses, washing, the cat infects the mucous membrane of the second eye. Within 10-12 hours, the tears are replaced by cloudy secretions that glue the coat upon drying. If symptoms are missed and the cat is not helped, the discharge begins to resemble pus. Further, if the cat is not treated, the discharge will indeed become purulent. In this situation, there is a threat of loss of vision and a serious blow to the health of the animal as a whole.
In addition to conjunctivitis, many infections and viruses can lead to increased tearing. If your pet is not vaccinated, it is under constant threat. Do not console yourself with the hope that the cat will not get sick, just because she does not leave the house. Viral diseases are transmitted by a variety of routes, including contact and airborne droplets. You, family members, or another pet can become a source of infection. Viruses are especially dangerous for kittens, since they are likely to lead to the death of a pet. The risk of infection does not depend on age, viruses equally quickly affect kittens, young and old animals.
Some breeds of cats are prone to congenital ailmentsthat may cause increased tearing:
- Inversion of the eyelids - The edge of the eyelid is wrapped in the direction from the mucous membrane of the eye. Part of the mucous membrane, upon eversion, constantly remains unprotected, which leads to rapid overdrying and atrophy of cells. Insufficient hydration is accompanied by burning, itching and severe discomfort, the cat constantly rubs his eyes, further exacerbating the situation. The eversion of the eyelids is treated by a simple operation.
- Inversion of the eyelids - The edge of the eyelid is wrapped in the direction of the mucous membrane. Eyelashes constantly injure the eye, which leads to irritation, redness and increased lacrimation. If you ignore the problem, permanent trauma leads to ulceration of the lining of the eye, which is fraught with blindness and severe inflammatory processes. It is eliminated surgically.
- Distichiasis - a pathology in which eyelashes do not grow correctly. There are several options: more eyelashes than expected or eyelashes are wrapped in different directions. With dysthiasis, the mucous membranes of the eyes are constantly irritated by microscopic scratches and discomfort during blinking. Elimination of the problem is carried out under anesthesia, by cauterization of the hair follicles, from which extra or wrapped eyelashes grow.
Note! If a cloudy film appears on the cat’s eyes, the cat is already developing keratitis. Without delay, contact your veterinarian, this ailment is fraught with loss of vision.
Food and non-food allergies are accompanied by severe irritation of all mucous membranes. First of all, the membranes of the respiratory tract suffer, but since the eyes and nose of the cat are closely "connected", tearfulness appears literally with rhinestones. Antihistamines are used to eliminate discomfort, but to solve the problem, you need to identify and eliminate the allergen.
With food allergies the cat is transferred to a neutral diet and potentially dangerous foods are introduced gradually and only one at a time. Thus, the elimination method helps to identify the product to which the cat's body reacts by rejection. The composition of the product reveals a list of substances that the cat is allergic to. It is worthwhile to understand that a pet can develop a sharp reaction to quite familiar food (meat, cottage cheese, rice) with individual intolerance, but more often, when processing products with preservatives.
Non-food allergy - a more complex ailment for diagnosis. The problem is that the cat's body can react sharply to: dust, pollen, emissions, poplar fluff, household chemicals, materials of bowls or a plank bed, perfumes, cosmetics, hair care products or prevention, etc. An allergen is detected in a similar way - by the method of exclusion. but literally everything needs to be taken into account: the time of year, the chronology of purchases (which has recently appeared in the house), and the pet’s health status. Allergy is a very unpleasant ailment, and its cunning is that the reaction can occur only when the cat has weakened. Simply put, allergy symptoms can appear and pass through a certain pattern incomprehensible to the owner.
Viral diseases ... here the list can go on and on. Keep in mind that if a cat's immunity is weakened, she may suffer from a combination of several viruses or a virus and a bacterial infection. It is better not to engage in self-diagnosis, since the symptoms of different diseases are very similar.
Of the common ailments leading to profuse lacrimation can be distinguished:
- Herpes - a very tenacious virus, constantly found in the body of most cats, dogs and humans. Herpes attacks the body with a decrease in immune defense. Note that this virus is very contagious and quickly spreads from the carrier (even hidden) to a healthy animal.
- Calcivirosis - viral pathology, from which kittens suffer more, especially street ones. The most obvious symptom of calcivirosis is ulcers in the palate and nose. Calcivirosis is accompanied by fever, lacrimation, rhinitis, often with purulent discharge. Without assistance, kittens and even adult cats often die.
- Chlamydia - Veterinarians often call this virus nursery. A cat can be a hidden carrier of chlamydia and infect healthy animals, does not show signs of disease at the same time.
- Mycoplasmosis - an infectious disease with a high probability of infection in healthy animals. Mycoplasmas imitate literally all the vital systems of the body, even bones and joints.
- Toxoplasmosis - Cats rarely suffer from an acute form of toxoplasmosis, although they are the ultimate carrier of the virus. It is important to know that a person can become infected with toxoplasmosis from a cat, more precisely, from its feces (while ignoring hygiene standards).
A cat's eyes can water in case of an elementary cold. Until recently, veterinarians did not recognize that cats suffer from colds, but today it is proved. Like humans, during colds, cats suffer from rhinitis and irritation of the mucous membranes, which leads to increased lacrimation.
In rare cases or with severe invasion, increased tearing may occur in cats infected with worms. These parasites cause very serious harm to the body of the carrier and it is not even a matter of absorbing nutrients. For the cat, the waste products that the worms secrete are much more dangerous. If the cat has not received prophylaxis, the number of parasites is growing rapidly, which leads to the death of the weak. Dead worms decompose, releasing additional and very dangerous toxins.
How to deal with tearing in a cat
Faced with increased tearing of the cat, the main thing is not to miss the time and prevent infection of irritated mucous membranes. If you do not have the opportunity to see a doctor as soon as possible, before receiving professional help, try to alleviate the condition of the pet yourself.
Prophylactic means for disinfecting the mucous membranes can be bought at the pet store. Typically, the agents are drops or wipes. If, for some reason, this option does not suit you, in As an antiseptic solution, you can use:
- Decoctions of herbs (calendula, chamomile, oak bark) for rubbing the eyelids.
- Strong tea leaves for peeling and soaking.
- Weak solution of furatsilin.
Note! Cats allergies are not recommended to use decoctions of herbs as antiseptics, as this can only aggravate the situation.