In animals, problems with excretory organs are an issue that is painful in every sense of the word. These diseases are not only very unpleasant in terms of severe pain response, but also pose a serious danger in terms of maintaining the health and even life of your pets. A good example is paraproctitis in cats.
About the essence of an intimate problem
What is this all about? This is the scientific name for inflammation of the sinus canals. These are glands located in the immediate vicinity of the anus. They are covered only by a small layer of muscles. Why was the presence of these glands generally provided for by nature? The fact is that their secret (smells very bad) plays the role of a lubricant for excreted feces, and also helps cats to put "social tags". By the smell of these substances, animals can learn a lot about each other.
So here. When an act of defecation occurs, sphincreta muscles tighten, squeezing the sinuses, as a result of which the very secret is squeezed out. But this process does not always occur according to the scenario prescribed by nature. Due to inflammation, injuries and other negative factors, the secret lingers in the glands. As a result, they overflow and become inflamed. The animal suffers greatly due to this.
The main clinical signs
Pain, soft tissue swelling, hyperemia (redness), hyperthermia (increased local temperature) and the release of a large amount of pus. This is observed in almost all cases when the paraanal sinuses are inflamed. One of the classic signs is riding on the pope - at the same time they always sin on helminths, but they are far from always the reason for this behavior. Inflamed sinuses themselves can reach the size of a good apple (you will see an example in the photo). They are often plagued, a large amount of thick, foul-smelling pus flows from the cavity of the affected organ.
It is important to remember that similar symptoms can indicate more serious pathologies. For example, on anaerobic paraproctitis. With it, serious irritation of all nearby tissues occurs, their pronounced edema, cases of necrosis are frequent. Pathogenic microorganisms can play an important role in the development of this disease. Especially dangerous are viruses, chlamydia, mycoplasmas, gardnerella (but this is in truly unique cases).
Predisposing factors and diagnosis
What are the main reasons for the development of such a delicate ailment? Poor state of the immune system (chronic infections). The risk of the disease is increased in case of malnutrition, the use of poor-quality feed by the owners, the disease can develop against the background of complications after castration. Other predisposing factors:
- Almost any acute or chronic gastrointestinal tract infection.
- Age-related changes in blood vessels, as well as vascular pathologies that develop against the background of the above infections and other diseases.
- Intestinal disorders (constipation or diarrhea). If your cat is constantly pushing, then this will not end in good.
- All diseases of the rectum.
The diagnosis is based on the clinical picture. If the cat is constantly worried about pain in the anus, rides the priest on the carpets and constantly licks the crotch, there is reason to suspect paraproctitis. It is especially simple to confirm the diagnosis if the inflamed sinuses are swollen and opened, after which a fistula has formed.
How is paraproctitis in cats treated? Firstly, the veterinarian will perform a mechanical cleaning by squeezing the accumulated secret from the gland. Secondly, in the presence of the fistulous canal, the animal is prescribed antibiotics, dressings with antiseptic ointments and liniments are applied. Please note: if your pet has at least once paraanal sinuses "clogged", then this pathology will haunt him constantly. So often drive the cat for preventive examinations!
Chronic paraproctitis in a cat appears if the animal has not received adequate treatment in the acute course of the disease. Symptoms are similar, but the symptoms develop much longer, and their severity is less. So, soreness manifests itself (mainly) only during bowel movements, and the rest of the time the cat feels quite normal.
Worst of all, when a chronic fistula is complicated, going beyond the sinuses alone and capturing the rectum. In this case, not only pus starts to come out of the wound, but also feces. Fistula expands rapidly, the course of the disease worsens sharply, and sepsis is likely. The risk of cancer is also significantly increased. This is extremely dangerous, as in cats the clinical signs of oncology are often too late, when nothing can be done.
Complications of Paraproctitis
As we already said, the most dangerous complication is fecal fistula. Secondary pathologies can also be various forms of cancer and sepsis. In addition, the sinuses and nearby tissues are scarred, which causes difficulty in the act of defecation.
Do not forget about the cracks in the mucous membrane of the rectum. They lead to a decrease in its elasticity, permanent inflammation, and in the future, almost always cause cancer. As a rule, such a sad outcome requires at least five years. So you have time. If you see symptoms of paraproctitis in cats using your cat as an example, take him to the vet immediately. So you save his life and health. Do not delay the start of treatment!