Is special care necessary when kittens change their teeth? How to feed a pet, what symptoms indicate problems and what to do? Almost all newborn kittens have no teeth. In rare cases, babies are born with incisive incisors. At a normal pace of development, up to 4 weeks of age, the kitten erupts in 26 milk teeth, including incisors, fangs and premolars.
Milk teeth will serve the kitten for several months. If the cat has enough milk, and the babies are promptly introduced a balanced supplement, there is no lag in weight gain and development, tooth change will begin at the age of 3-4 months. The grown molars will serve the cat all its life, until it is very old.
By the size and number of teeth, you can determine the age of the kitten. 26 milk teeth are distributed as follows: 12 upper and 14 lower. An adult cat has 30 teeth: 14 lower and 16 upper. An additional four teeth (extreme on each side of the jaw) erupt at the age of 4 to 7 months.
Symptoms of a change in primary teeth
Long before molars begin to erupt through the gums, they develop from the so-called tooth buds located in the upper and lower jaws. When molars develop and become larger, they begin to cling to the roots of milk teeth. Permanent contact and mechanical irritation leads to the destruction of the roots of milk teeth, which stimulates loosening and loss.
Note! Your observation will allow you to notice the smell that appeared from the jaws of the pet, as soon as the milk teeth began to loosen. The smell may seem unpleasant or pungent, but it is natural until the change of teeth is complete.
The roots of children's teeth are destroyed gradually. The teeth become mobile, but hold firmly in the gums until their roots are completely erased. Tooth loss occurs when the root is thinned or completely destroyed.
As the molars grow, the tops of the milk teeth become very mobile and can fall out while eating. Experience shows that the owner rarely manages to catch the fact of tooth loss. A kitten can tighten its jaw and cause tooth loss while eating, playing or doing other things.
In the process of teething, the kitten may experience disturbing symptoms, for example, excessive salivation, which is associated with irritation of the mucous membranes of the oral cavity. Upon examination, it may turn out that the gums of the kitten are swollen, become swollen or red. Expected is a temporary refusal of food or poor appetite.
Almost all kittens wake up with a desire to chew inedible items during tooth changes, such as toys, wires, ropes, etc. At this stage, it is important to predict and compensate for the needs of pets in advance so that attempts to relieve itching do not end in tragedy.
In pet stores, you can find special teething toys that greatly ease discomfort during tooth changes. Liquid-filled teethers can be chilled in a refrigerator and given to a kitten. Cooling the gums and chewing at the same time significantly reduces discomfort and pain during teething.
Tip: start accustoming a kitten to brushing his teeth when his milk teeth begin to change. Brushing your teeth will relieve the discomfort of itching, so the kitten will not resist. Perhaps your pet will not need to brush your teeth, but in case of unforeseen ailments, you still need to train him.
At what age should a kitten grow all permanent teeth
From 3 to 4 months of age, the kitten begins to lose its first baby teeth, usually incisors. The change occurs under the pressure of molars, which begin to cut from the gums and push the milk out. With a careful examination, you can find the tip of the molar even before the milk falls out.
In the network you can find a lot of data on the "order" of tooth changes, but they have no scientific basis. The procedure for changing teeth is determined empirically and by observing kittens. Thus, most likely, the first incisors will fall out first. After, fangs or teeth fall out, which immediately stand behind them.
Note! All permanent teeth erupt at the age of 6 to 8 months, depending on the individual characteristics of the pet's body.
At what age do fangs change?
Many owners see excitement in the late change of fangs. In fact, a canine is a very complex and long tooth, which takes a lot of time to grow. If the milk fang has fallen out and the root has erupted, there is no reason for excitement.
The molars grow very slowly, since they must fill all the voids in the dentition as the jaws grow. Fangs can develop and form longer for a number of pathological reasons, however, until the age of six months it is enough to observe the condition of the pet, no measures need to be taken.
Note! If milk fangs have fallen out, but the root canines have not bent, it is important to make sure that the kitten receives a balanced diet and it has enough trace elements.
Kitten care during tooth changes
Does a kitten need special care during a tooth change? By and large, you can’t help your pet, so the main task is to ensure comfort and the ability to scratch your gums. However, it is important to carefully monitor the condition of the kitten.
Important! Often, especially in thoroughbred animals, the molar begins to grow behind the milk tooth. That is, the teeth grow in two rows, the root row is bent, and the milk teeth begin to rot, because the roots are already destroyed.
What to do to ease discomfort and how to feed a kitten during a tooth change
Statistically, the change of milk teeth in cats goes smoothly and without problems. Some thoroughbred cats are prone to delay tooth changes, but the veterinarian will tell you this information at the first examination. Experienced veterinarians recommend paying attention to several important points.
As soon as the milk teeth begin to loosen and fall out, the kitten intensively chews everything that catches his eye. Oddly enough, most people want to chew on electric wires, perhaps they attract pets by smell.
What to do? - To provide the kitten with maximum safety and buy enough toys to "switch" attention.
With excessive salivation, which is observed very often, no measures need to be taken. If necessary, wipe the face of the kitten. Check your jaw and teeth regularly if salivation lasts more than a week. Your task is to timely detect the inflammatory process that can begin as a result of damage to the gums or developmental disorders.
When a kitten’s gums itch, it takes on the owner more and more often rubs against the corners of the furniture. This is not an alarming symptom, but you also need to pay attention to it. If a cat has toothache, it avoids unnecessary mechanical irritation. Simply put, if your kitten’s teeth are loose, and he’s not trying to scratch his gums, it’s better not to delay seeing a doctor.
How to feed a kitten? During the tooth change period, absolutely all veterinarians and experienced owners recommend switching the kitten to industrial wet food, soft or liquid natural food. Make sure the food is not too cold or hot. If the pet refuses to eat, offer him liquid, sour-milk food.
Specific features of tooth change in kittens
Pedigree cats are not purebred, it is especially noticeable during the formation and growth of kittens. All pedigree features are "acquired" in the process of long-term selection, so some deviations from generally accepted norms should not disturb the owner.
Tip: Before buying a kitten in a nursery or from a breeder, ask about the hereditary features of the baby. Most often, if hereditary ailments were observed in the genus, to a greater or lesser extent, they will also appear in kittens.
How the teeth of the British and Scottish fold kittens change
The timing of the formation of British and Scottish fold kittens, usually fit into generally accepted norms. Pedigree kittens are put up for sale at the age of 3 months, that is, the baby will begin to change teeth in the first month of living in a new house. Be sure to ask the breeder what type of food the kittens were fed and do not change the diet until the pet is fully adapted. If the tooth change began immediately after the move, the type of diet remains the same, however, the food must be ground and moistened before serving.
In British and Scottish fold kittens quite often observed the growth of molars, before the loss of milk. In a special risk zone are fangs, after, incisors. If you notice that the gum of the kitten has become inflamed or milk teeth have not fallen out, after the eruption of the molars, contact your veterinarian immediately. The decay of milk teeth contributes to the multiplication of pathogenic microflora in the oral cavity, which can lead to the development of chronic diseases of the gums and teeth.
Siamese and Thai kittens
The process of forming Siamese kittens usually fits into the norm. Moreover, Thai cats can mature faster, since more than 2-3 kittens are rarely born in a litter. Particular attention must be paid to changing fangs, as Siamese cats are relatively longer and thicker. The slow growth of fangs should not alarm you, but be careful that the milk tooth falls out during the eruption.
Note! In Siamese cats, there is rarely a delay in the eruption or growth of the upper and lower fangs. Teething between 4 and 6 months is considered normal, even if milk fang has already fallen out.
Features of the formation of Bengal cats are very dependent on heredity. Typically, tooth loss begins at the age of 4-5 months. Rarely, there is a rapid tooth loss associated with genetic characteristics. Simply put, milk teeth fall out faster than molar teeth erupt.
If, within a few months, up to six months of age, molars “peck”, there is no reason for excitement. With a deficiency of vitamins and minerals, the kitten will experience not only a delay in teething, but also problems with hair.
How sphinx teeth change
Sphynx teeth change at standard times, from 3 to 6 months. Again, due to the nature of the breed, there may be a delay in loss or growth of fangs. Teething before the loss of milk is rare. However, teach that adult sphinxes are prone to dental problems.
Note! Sphynx owners are often worried that their pets have too small fangs. Observations of veterinarians have shown that in sphinxes, due to individual characteristics, the growth of milk canine can continue until one year of age.
Maine Coon is a large, late-ripening breed, so problems with tooth changes are more likely. The first thing you should pay attention to is the timing; for Maine Coons, the period of change of milk teeth can stretch to eight months of age. According to generally accepted norms, Maine Coons are considered kittens up to 15 months of age, so the growth of molars up to 10-12 months is not only natural, but also expected.
Maine Coon kitten should be regularly shown to the doctor, because in addition to possible problems with teeth, representatives of the breed are prone to various hereditary ailments. With an independent examination of the teeth, it is necessary to pay attention to the parallelism of the rows in which the incisors stand. For Maine Coons, a correct, scissor bite is required.
Note! Experienced Maine Coon owners insist on buying a large number of toys that the cat can scratch gums about. The fact is that representatives of the breed have a temperament that is more like a dog, so pets often bite through wires, spoil furniture and shoes.
In Siberian kittens, despite their impressive dimensions, milk teeth are changed according to generally accepted standards. A delay in the loss of milk and the growth of molars can be observed against the background of unbalanced feeding, lack of minerals, vitamin deficiency. In rare cases, most often in males or the largest kittens in the litter, the loss of milk teeth can be delayed for 2-4 weeks.
Tip: Experienced owners are advised to transfer Siberian kittens, during a tooth change, to natural nutrition. Allergy sufferers are rare among Siberian cats, and natural nutrition helps to chew, loosen and change milk teeth in optimal terms.