A German boxer or just a boxer (Boxer) is a breed of large smooth-haired dogs that are valued for their dedication, high intelligence, good training and a balanced, complaisant character. For his he is an affectionate kitten, for strangers he is a fearless watchman and bodyguard with a strong grip. A boxer is an athlete with a pronounced zest for life and a playful disposition, he is not quiet and calm, but this does not prevent him from getting along in a city apartment and making friends with everyone around him, animals and people.
By the name it immediately becomes clear that the breed appeared in Germany. The boxer was descended from the old Bullenbayser breed (now extinct), which was used to bully large animals in the 17th-19th centuries. in Europe. Bullenbasers were called any etching dogs, despite the obvious differences in appearance and color. In the St. Petersburg Kunstkamera there is a scarecrow of a bullenbeiser brought by Peter Ι from Holland. Looking at him, it is almost impossible to guess that this is the ancestor of the boxer. The closest relatives also include the Great Dane and the old-style English bulldog. In selection work some terriers were used. Breeders were able to achieve the perfect combination of discipline, proper aggression, excellent physical fitness and high intelligence.
Breeding work on the Boxer breed began in 1887, when Georg Alt brought a tiger bitch named Flora in the type of endangered Brabant bullenbeiser to Munich from France. She was tied up with a local bullenbeiser of unknown origin. This was the first officially recorded mating (the pedigree book began to lead eight years later). A male named Boxing born in that litter was mated to his mother. Two bitches were born. One was named Flora II, and the other - Shekin. Soon, Shekin gave offspring from an English bulldog of unknown origin, nicknamed Tom, and Flora II from Box, her father. The descendants of these two mating and several bullenbasers became the genetic core of the breed. The origin of all modern boxers, with rare exceptions, can be traced to these dogs. In 1895, the German Boxer was first shown at an exhibition in Munich.
A diverse stock of gruff boxers of the 19th century resulted in a beautiful, elegant breed that effortlessly fit into the framework of the requirements of the modern world and even more. According to 2010 data, Boxer took an honorable 7th place in the list of the most popular breeds in the USA.
Why Boxer was named that way, now one can only guess. It is known that sometimes the Germans called bullenbeysers boxers, long before the appearance of the first "real" boxers. But again: why? Some see a resemblance between the head of dogs and boxing gloves. Another flattened snout with a snub nose resembles a boxer's face after a fight. But most are inclined to the version that the name reflects one characteristic feature of these dogs, they actively use the head and forepaws in battle or games.
Video review of the dog breed German boxer:
The German boxer is a smooth-haired, dense medium-sized dog of square format with a strong skeleton and dry, well-developed, well-muscled muscle. The boxer’s lively movement is full of nobility and strength, he is not supposed to seem easy, or be awkward. Height at the withers of males - 57-63 cm.; weight - about 30 kg. The height of the bitch is 53-59 cm.; weight - about 25 kg.
The head is in good proportion with the body. The muzzle is wide, voluminous. Wrinkles appear on the forehead when the dog is agitated; permanently marked wrinkles pass from the nose down on both sides. The dark mask is outlined by the muzzle and should be strictly separated from the color of the head. The skull is slightly arched. The occipital part is weakly expressed, the forehead forms a fracture with the back of the nose. The front of the muzzle is wide, almost square due to widely spaced fangs. Lips complete the shape of the muzzle. The front edge of the upper lip lies on the edge of the lower lip, the chin should stand out clearly. The lower lips are fleshy, do not fit snugly. The upper thick ones fill the cavity, which is formed due to the longer lower jaw. The lower jaw protrudes slightly, is bent upwards and only slightly tapers in front. Healthy healthy teeth. The eyes are dark, medium in size. Eyelid dark color. Ears are set on the sides of the head, rest at rest on the cheekbones when the dog is alert, hanging down forward.
The neck runs through an elegant arch, long, round, strong. Square format housing. The shoe stands firmly on straight legs. Withers marked. The back is short, straight, wide. Croup sloping, wide. The chest is deep (the depth is half the height), the ribs are arched. Bottom line with an elegant detonation. The tail is set moderately high.
In countries where this is not prohibited, the ears and tails of a boxer can be cropped.
The coat is short, shiny, tight to the body, stiff. Color only red or brindle. Red is found in various shades: from light to dark, but the most valuable mid-tones. The tiger version is characterized in that on a red background there are dark or black stripes passing in the same direction as the ribs. The tiger and the main background should clearly differ in color. The presence of white marks and a black mask is allowed in any color. Any colors other than red and brindle are pembrake.
Boxers are balanced, confident, courageous and vigilant, but at the same time unusually playful, contact and friendly. His character combines loyalty, affection, the desire to protect his master and attentiveness. He is sensitive and touchy, unconditionally trusts native people and hard to endure deception. Boxers get along well with children. Kids are allowed many pranks, and in the case of excessive caresses do not snap, just go to a safe distance for themselves. With older children, they enjoy walking for hours on end. With strangers they behave wary, but without obvious aggression. Friendly boxers in everyday life instantly respond to danger and take a defensive position.
The character of the boxer is very plastic, the will, courage, endurance and strength depend on how much the dog is physically developed, how much is brought up and adapted to life in society. The stronger and more trained she is, the stronger and more balanced her psyche is, and only the owner is responsible for it.
It is worth noting that loneliness for the German boxer is unbearable. He loves attention and needs daily communication, joint games and activities. Easily adapts to new surroundings when people you know are nearby. Many representatives of the breed, even in adulthood, quickly master in a new family and accept another owner. Boxers get along well with other pets, but mostly when growing up together. If a new neighbor appears in a family where an adult boxer already lives, one cannot avoid jealousy and conflicts in the struggle for primacy, but everything usually ends peacefully.
Appointment and training
Boxers came from pickling dogs, in addition, they were used for fighting, which could not but leave its imprint on the character, it was tough and conflicting. With the beginning of exhibition breeding, these features, as well as working qualities, began to fade into the background. In the first place put complaisance, contact, balance without a pronounced aggression. Boxers began to move into the category of companions and probably would have completely lost their working qualities if they had not been assigned to the category of service breeds.
Boxer is universal, the only limitation of its use is the inability to tolerate frost. If desired, anyone can be raised from it: a guard, a nanny, a fighter, a sports or search and rescue dog. A boxer is plastic and, unlike specialized breeds, can simultaneously perform different tasks.
They begin to raise a puppy from the first moment of appearance in a new house, and train from 4-5 months according to the principle: from simple to complex. Early learning, as a rule, does not bring quick positive results. A young boxer may seem stupid, but the whole point is an overabundance of energy. A particularly difficult period is usually the age of 4-8 months, when the puppy is trying to show its strength, independence and shows not stubborn stubbornness. There is no cause for concern. Providing hard work and reasonable persistence on the part of the owner, constant repetition and consolidation of the material, it will be possible to achieve good results. Boxers ripen emotionally for a long time, physically usually fully develop by the age of 18 months. However, wisdom comes to them after 2 years. It is then that the owner receives the dog that he raised. It is worth remembering that sensitive boxers in the shower always remain children, can be offended by screams or excessive severity, but rarely can you do without punishments (which should be fair and short).
Boxers are great for living in a city apartment. They are not suitable for year-round living on the street, even in an insulated aviary, and in no case should they be kept on a leash. In the house, the dog needs a small, but its own, space. A spacious couch or a children's mattress is suitable. It is better to organize a place where the boxer can watch what is happening, but not in the aisle and away from drafts. In the cold season, the boxer will freeze without additional insulation. Clothes are selected according to the weather, taking into account the duration of the walk.
Boxers need very good physical activity and regular communication. They will be happy to keep company on jogging or cycling. Preparing for competitions in various sports will help physically and mentally occupy a boxer: starting with agility and ending with wave pulling. A very useful activity in the warm season is swimming and playing in the water. The boxer is very energetic, he was created for an active life and is not suitable for hanging out in front of the TV, unless after a 3-hour walk.
As for grooming, boxers cannot be called too whimsical, but the dog will have to spend some time daily. The hair is combed 2-3 times a week, using a soft brush or a special massage glove. They bathe the dog as it gets dirty, but not more than 1 time per month. Use shampoos intended for shorthair breeds. Boxers have delicate paw pads, so they need to be inspected after walking for abrasions or cuts. So that the pet does not feel discomfort during a walk or run, it is necessary to trim the claws regularly (1 time in 3-4 weeks). In addition, you need to monitor the cleanliness of the eyes and wrinkles on the face. The German boxer has drooping eyelids, so contamination often leads to the development of conjunctivitis. Tearful discharge is recommended to be carefully removed.
You can feed the boxer with natural or ready-made feed. In the first case, the diet should contain at least 50% protein foods: lean meats, such as beef, poultry, and offal. As for vegetables, it is better to give preference to carrots, zucchini and pumpkin. From cereals rice, buckwheat will do. Vegetables can be given in boiled or raw form. If you prefer to feed the dog with ready-made feeds, you should use high-quality holivics or at least super-premium feeds.
Boxers are very fond of cracking bones. When choosing bones for a beloved pet, one must take into account that too small ones can damage his mouth and esophagus, and if stored for too long, provoke digestive problems. The best option would be large fresh mosles or dried beef veins.
Health and Life Expectancy
With proper maintenance, good nutrition and regular physical activity, the puppy of a German boxer grows into a strong, hardy dog. However, the breed is not geneticly safe. Veterinarians note a number of hereditary diseases and pathologies that so far cannot be completely eradicated, and illiterate breeding exacerbates the problem even more:
- Deforming spondylosis (proliferation of bone tissue of the spine, which leads to paralysis);
- Hip dysplasia;
- Congenital deafness (in one or both ears) is registered in approximately 20-40% of born white puppies of boxers.
- Malformations of the fetus (cleft palate, cleft lip, cryptorchidism);
- Arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy of the right ventricle and aortic stenosis are congenital malformations that occur in animals during adulthood.
- Problems with the stomach and intestines;
- Ophthalmic diseases;
- Oncology (there is a high incidence of cancer in adulthood).
Boxers with very short snouts suffer from a branchiocephalic syndrome, which manifests itself in shortness of breath, snoring, poor heat tolerance and physical exertion. Life expectancy is usually 12-15 years.
Question: How much does a German boxer cost should not be decisive. In choosing a puppy, the main thing is that it is properly grown and of good origin. Parents of the litter must have high marks at exhibitions, diplomas obtained on working trials, and good health. It is difficult even for experts to choose a good dog for exhibitions or breeding, to say nothing of beginners. In matters of character and talent, they are guided by the qualities of their parents, and in terms of appearance, even a small boxer must comply with the standard.
A good puppy should be harmonious, strong enough, with a good skeleton. If it has good proportions, then it has good coordination. Breeding largely determines the type of head. It should be proportional, have rectangular features of the muzzle and grace of the skull. Fangs and incisors are on the same straight line, fangs are set as wide as possible. The incisors in the upper jaw can be more than six, sometimes they can be double. White markings are not a drawback, they often even decorate the dog. As it grows, spots may decrease slightly. The puppy must be outwardly healthy, active and playful, curious and friendly.
The cost of a puppy of this breed varies in a very wide range. If you want to buy a puppy from titled parents, then it will cost 30 thousand rubles or more. A dog without a pedigree will cost no more than 10 thousand rubles, but at the same time no one can give a guarantee of pure breed and health.
The gallery contains photos of a German boxer, on which you can see: what puppies and adult dogs of different colors look like with cropped and natural ears and tails.