Sterilization and castration are difficult procedures that each animal transfers differently. Therefore, taking this step, the owner should know how the cat behaves after the operation. This will allow you to determine which moments in the state are the norm, and at which you should seek the advice of a veterinarian.
Out of anesthesia in the first day
The condition of the cat after the first hours after the operation largely depends on the type of anesthesia used. Most often, veterinarians use one of three options:
- A muscle relaxant with an analgesic is the most common type of general anesthesia, after which the patient wakes up with a clear consciousness and comes to his senses in 6-10 hours.
- Muscle relaxant and epidural anesthesia is an effective type of general anesthesia, after which the cat recovers in an average of 8 hours. Sometimes recovery can last up to 2 days. The main disadvantage of the "epidural" is the risk of postoperative complications in the form of impaired motor activity of the hind legs.
- Inhalation is an effective gas anesthetic given in a gaseous state. After mask or endotracheal anesthesia, the cat comes to his senses almost immediately. Due to the high cost of narcotic and respiratory equipment in clinics, it is not so often used.
Regardless of the type of anesthesia, it is worthwhile to be prepared for the fact that a pet who has returned from the clinic will sleep in the walls of the house for at least another 2 to 7 hours.
The cat after castration is usually sleepy. His reaction speed, coordination of movement may be impaired. The cat may have the urge to vomit, involuntary urination.
Regarding the mental state, it is worth being prepared for the fact that in the first day after sterilization or castration the animal may exhibit inappropriate behavior. The spectrum of its manifestations is quite wide, starting with passive indifference to what is happening around and ending with open aggression. The pet may experience disorientation, demonstrating an irresistible desire to hide away in a dark corner.
Under the influence of a narcotic drug, the animal may take attempts to get up and walk a little, but after taking a couple of steps to fall on weakened legs. Even while lying down, the pet can perform convulsive movements with its paws, imitating running.
The owner's task is to minimize the risk of injury. Therefore, it is better to place the bedding for the cat on the floor away from furniture with sharp corners.
When observing a pet for the first day, it is important to pay attention to the temperature indicator. Normal temperature for cats is 38 °. On the first day, there is a high probability of manifestation of both hypothermia, accompanied by cooling of the extremities, so hanging body temperature up to 39 ° and above. The fact that the temperature is elevated will indicate the dry, hot nose of the animal.
When restoring body thermoregulation, the cat may be thirsty. During this period, it is very important to ensure her constant access to clean water.
The condition of the cat in the first week
How a cat feels during the recovery period depends on the age of the animal and the complexity of the operation itself. Young and strong individuals recover faster.
On the second or third day, the sensory organs of the animal in most cases return to their full work. But nevertheless during this period it is worth minimizing irritants in the form of street noise, as well as the hustle and bustle of the household.
With the departure of anesthesia, pain begins to manifest itself more and more. The fact that the animal is in pain will be indicated:
- dilated pupils;
- focused look at one point;
- stillness in one position;
- increased aggression when trying to contact;
- refusal to eat.
Having noticed at least one of these signs, you need to help alleviate the condition by giving a tablet of painkillers or injections.
Starting from the second day, the animal reappears appetite. It is worth feeding it during this period, adhering to the principle of fractional nutrition: in small portions, but more often. Against the background of hormonal transformation and changes in the rhythm of life to a more measured one, cats show a tendency to obesity. Therefore, both in the postoperative period and after it, the owner will have to more carefully compile the diet.
It is important to ensure that the cat always went to the toilet. If bowel movement does not occur in the first 3 days, it is worth resorting to the introduction of a laxative. At the same time, too frequent bowel movements should also alert.
During sterilization, doctors impose 2 types of sutures:
- intradermal - they do not need to be removed;
- external seams - removed in the clinic for 7-10 days.
To protect the suture from "licking" veterinarians recommend putting a bandage on animals in the postoperative period. But some cats manage to gnaw and shoot them. The owner's task is to ensure that the seam remains clean and dry, not allowing the pet to "self-medicate".
By 5-7 days after surgery, the cat completely enters its usual rhythm of life. But the process of final recovery is completed only by the end of 3-4 weeks.
After sterilization, the cat loses the ability to bear children. But her body will still continue to produce sex hormones. Therefore, you should not expect that the nature of the pet will change much in the future. At the same time, most breeders say that cats become calmer after sterilization. They often begin to feel the need for human society, so they strive to sleep in bed with the owner.
As for castrated cats, they no longer show a desire to mark territory. Yes, and their urine acquires a not so sharp smell.
In a society of cats that have not undergone this procedure, they feel quite comfortable, perceiving them not as rivals, but more than game companions.