Cats, throughout their lives, like other pets, are susceptible to infections of various origins and etiologies. In addition to viral-bacterial, invasive diseases, very often fluffy pets are diagnosed with respiratory diseases. Noticing that the cat has a stuffy nose, this can signal the development of the inflammatory process of the mucous membrane. As a rule, nasal congestion in representatives of the cat family is diagnosed with rhinitis, rhinotracheitis, and also if the pet is infected with the feline herpes virus.
Causes of nasal congestion in cats
The nose of cats is a unique analyzer. The sense of smell of family members is 15 times stronger than that of humans. An excellent scent helps animals navigate in space, find food, determine its temperature, and recognize danger. Therefore, any malfunctions in the functioning of the respiratory tract seriously complicate the life and existence of furry pets.
On forums, furry purl owners very often ask questions: "Why does a cat or kitten have a nose?", "What should I do if a cat has a snot, runny nose, or a nose?"
Nasal congestion in a kitten, adult cats, cats can be caused by:
- viral and bacterial diseases;
- parasitic diseases;
- rhinitis, rhinotracheitis, sinusitis;
- prolonged hypothermia;
- the presence of neoplasms in the nose, trachea, upper respiratory tract;
- allergic reactions;
- inflammatory process in the respiratory tract.
Very often, a cat’s nose is clogged with calcivirosis, carnivorous plague, peritonitis, panleukopenia, viral pneumonia, leukemia, chlamydia, and other bacterial and viral infections. The virus of feline herpes, purulent conjunctivitis, otitis of various etiologies can also cause a stuffy nose, rhinitis in cats.
Severe helminthic invasion can also cause a clogged cat nose. So, for example, helminths parasitizing in the lungs very often provoke pneumonia and cause the development of inflammatory processes in the respiratory tract.
Hypothermia, prolonged exposure to cold, frosty air, the use of cold food also leads to the development of rhinitis, and as a result, nasal congestion.
Cats, especially highly purebred cats, are very prone to allergies. If the cat breathes through the mouth, plentiful outflows are noticeable from the nose, the pet is constantly sneezing, possibly allergens are the cause. Inhalation of toxic fumes, hot air, particles of household chemicals, plant pollen, chemicals in the nose can also provoke nasal congestion in cats and kittens.
The mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract can affect various pathogenic and conditionally pathogenic microorganisms, which are active under favorable conditions.. For example, chronic sluggish rhinitis is noted with a decrease in immune potential, resistance, as well as an exacerbation of chronic diseases of viral etiology.
Kitten's nose is stuffy
Kittens, due to unformed immunity, weakened resistance, are susceptible to various viral-bacterial, parasitic diseases. Various pathogenic microorganisms, viruses, fungi, protozoa can provoke the disease in small pets. Infection of kittens occurs transplacental, during fetal development, if the mother cat is ill with an infectious disease, it is a latent virus carrier.
A nasal congestion in a kitten can be caused by hypothermia, allergies, severe helminthic invasion, the presence of foreign objects in the nasopharynx, nasal passages.
Symptoms of rhinitis in cats
As a rule, if the cat does not breathe, one of the causes of respiratory dysfunction is rhinitis. Moreover, unlike people, a runny nose in furry pets in most cases is not a separate disease, namely a symptom of a serious illness, infection.
If the cat is breathing heavily, sneezing, coughing, other symptoms of general malaise are noticeable, take the pet to the veterinarian for an examination.
Symptoms of rhinitis in cats:
- increase in body temperature;
- weakness, drowsiness, general malaise;
- an increase in regional lymph nodes;
- cough, shortness of breath, sneezing;
- copious outflows from nostrils, eyes;
- redness, change in the nose;
- the presence of ulcers, crusts, scabs on the nose;
- decreased appetite, refusal to feed.
With purulent rhinitis, purulent viscous exudate of yellow, yellow-green color is secreted from the nasal passages. The cat constantly rubs its face with its paw, sneezes, cannot sleep normally, and is anxious. Dry crusts, scabs are visible on the lobe. In this case, the amount of discharge from the nasal passages increases after sleep, during physical activity. With auscultation of the sternum, vultures are heard, wheezing. Respiration is rapid, shallow.
In addition to the above symptoms, cats may have other manifestations. It all depends on the root cause, which provoked a runny nose, nasal congestion.
What to do if a cat has a stuffy nose
What to do with a cat with a stuffy nose will tell the veterinarian. treatment therapy depends on the root cause that provoked this pathology. In order not to aggravate the condition of your beloved pet, not to provoke serious complications, do not self-medicate. It is necessary to treat a cat's stuffy nose in a comprehensive manner, taking into account the main cause of the disease.
If the cat breathes through its mouth, the nose is blocked and the reason is the presence in the nasopharynx, nostrils of an external object, it must be carefully removed from the nasal passages. Entrust this procedure to the veterinarian.
If the nose is laid, rhinitis is provoked by bacterial, viral infections, cats are prescribed complex antibacterial drugs, antibiotics of a systemic wide spectrum of action. To eliminate this problem, the treatment was effective, the course of antibiotic therapy must be completed completely.
Animals, if a nose is stuffed, can be prescribed sedatives, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, decongestant restorative drugs. In order to relieve inflammation of the nasal mucosa, in addition to general drug treatment, the veterinarian will prescribe special drops in the nose (Diokitsiklin, Naftizin). With a severe cold, the drops are instilled into each nostril two to three times a day until complete recovery.
With severe rhinitis, Fosprenil will help normalize the condition of the pet. Dosage, frequency of administration will be prescribed by the attending veterinarian.
If the pet has a nose, the inhalations based on the essential oils of coniferous trees, warm compresses help well. You can warm the pet’s nose with salt, sand, herbs, wrapping them in a cloth bag, a clean cloth. You can rinse the nose with the juice of young aloe.
Systematically remove the crust from the skin with a moist, sterile cotton-gauze swab. With increased dryness of the mucosa, lubricate the area around the nose with baby cream, oil, petroleum jelly.
During treatment, if the cat has a nose, carefully monitor the health of the pet, follow all the recommendations of the attending veterinarian