Determining the exact number of kittens at home is difficult. However, this is important: you can pre-prepare for childbirth and plan ahead in advance to whom and how to give babies.
According to statistics, under normal conditions, healthy cats for the first time give birth to a maximum of 4 to 6 kittens. But this is a rule that has exceptions. A pet can give birth to 10 and even 15 kittens, which is extremely rare.
Professional breeders during pregnancy are advised to pay attention to the number of milk nipples. The formula is simple: 2 is subtracted from the number of nipples, which is considered a kind of forecast for how much the female will give birth.
From the point of view of physiology, the situation is as follows:
The offspring depends on the number of fertilized eggs and on the number of those that are attached to the walls of the uterus, which is two-horned in a cat. Accordingly, young and old animals give birth less than middle-aged pets in their prime.
Scientists take into account the environmental factor. At home, the cat is spoiled and pampered, feels safe. This weakens the genetic apparatus. Homeless females have to worry about procreation. Homeless cats give birth more in order to protect themselves later in harsh street conditions.
What factors affect fertility?
You can make a forecast using the following criteria:
- Age. For the first time, a cat gives birth to an average of 2-3 kittens. The old female also will not give a big litter - with age, fertility fades. A favorable age lasts up to 3-6 years, when a cat can bring 5-10 babies for lambing.
- Hereditary factors. If parents or the more distant ancestors of the birthright were famous for a large family, it is possible that the genetics will take their toll and will please the pet owner with a serious replenishment in the house.
- Hormones. Hormonal disorders are the main cause of low birth rates. Destabilization in the body initiates a decrease in the synthesis of fertilized cells.
- Breed. Outbred cat for the first time can give birth to more than rare. Usually thoroughbred females bring no more than 5 kittens, which partly explains the high cost of babies with a unique pedigree.
- Weight. Weight directly affects the processes in the body. Fat cats or those suffering from exhaustion cannot count on large offspring and give birth without consequences.
- Diet. Improper nutrition is fraught with infertility of a pet. This is facilitated by the lack of protein, minerals and vitamins in the daily menu. This provokes the body to protect itself when a minimal number of eggs are fertilized.
- The character of the male. In cats, ovulation is a process that occurs during mating. Temperamental cats activate egg production, which positively affects the number of kittens.
Low birth rate is a consequence of inflammatory foci in the reproductive part of the body. Diseases, including abnormal intake of hormonal drugs, adversely affect fertility.
Fertility of the female changes with each lambing. According to physiology, cats give birth to many up to 6 years old - the optimal time to make more babies. After that, the number of kittens decreases, as does the gestation period, which in old thoroughbred cats can drag on for 70-80 days.
It is worth knowing that the period of gestation in thoroughbred is longer. For young British cats, 60-70 is the norm, even if the number of kittens is minimal.