Bronchitis is a serious inflammatory process that affects the mucous membrane of the bronchi. At first glance, it seems that this is just a mild cold, in fact it is not. Everything is much more serious. Symptoms and treatment of bronchitis in cats and dogs are similar. In the process of the disease, all body functions are disrupted and the immune system weakens. This contributes to the emergence of other serious diseases. Bronchitis in cats very quickly goes into the chronic stage, so it is important to begin treatment as soon as possible. More details about the disease are described in the article.
Types of bronchitis in cats are divided into viral, bacterial, chemical and mechanical. What are the most common causes of the development of bronchitis, the doctors consider below:
- The use of cold water and hypothermia.
- Particles of toxic chemicals and household chemicals get into the bronchi.
- Damage to the body by helminthic invasions.
- Viral, fungal and bacterial infections.
- Consequences after allergies or asthma.
- Hypovitaminosis and vitamin deficiency, as well as low immunity.
- Pungent smells of perfumes, fresheners and cosmetics.
- Complications due to cardiovascular disease.
Note. Also to the causes of the disease in cats, there may be smoking in their presence. Limit your cat from tobacco smoke.
Veterinarians distinguish between infectious and non-infectious bronchitis, and its course is defined as acute and chronic. In both cases, the symptoms of bronchitis in cats are almost the same, which ones, we will describe further:
- Dry cough with a whistle and panting (shortness of breath).
- The cyanotic color of the mucous membranes.
- Depressed state and apathy.
- Decreased appetite or a complete rejection of food.
- Nasal congestion, runny nose.
- During the first 2-3 days, a slight increase in body temperature is observed.
- When bronchitis is started, squelching in the bronchi appears. Cough with sputum and profuse nasal discharge. And the temperature can drop to normal. If the cat has severe coughing attacks, then it may be due to foamy vomiting.
In the case of bronchitis due to allergic reactions, the course of the disease is possible without an increase in temperature. Therefore, when the first symptoms appear, you should not hope that the cat just sneezed, and did not get sick. It is better to consult a doctor to rule out illness and inflammation in the bronchi.
Diagnosis of bronchitis is carried out using a general and / or biochemical analysis of blood, bronchial swabs, studies of feces of a cat and chest x-rays. For a more accurate study of the disease, bronchoscopy can be prescribed, which helps to establish an accurate picture of the course of the inflammatory process.
The treatment methods, the list of necessary drugs and their dosage, are determined by the doctor based on the testimony and physiological characteristics of the animal. Next, consider the methods of treating cats for bronchitis and its consequences..
- Providing a cat with a balanced diet; food rich in vitamins and minerals.
- Expectorant; Ambroxol, Bromhexine, herbal decoctions of violets, licorice root or coltsfoot.
- Broad-spectrum antibiotics depending on the type of bronchitis; penicillin series (Ampicillin, Amoxiclav). Cephalosporin group (Ceftriaxone, Cephalexin). Macrolides (Sumamed).
- Preparations against helminths (in case of bronchitis due to worms); Drontal, Milbemax, Kanikvantel and others.
- If bronchitis is allergic in nature, then the cat is prescribed glucocorticoids (Dexamethasone, Prednisolone, Hydrocortisone acetate) and antihistamines (Suprastin and others).
- In case of heart failure, apply; Adoniside, tincture of lily of the valley.
- Drugs that expand the bronchi and relieve cramps; Eufilin.
- If bronchitis is allergic, then it is necessary to eliminate all harmful substances that can aggravate the course of the disease.
- With infectious bronchitis, immunostimulating drugs are prescribed; Glycopin, Roncoleukin.
- Also, immunomodulators are prescribed to support immunity; Gamavit, Anandin.
- Nasal drops upon discharge from the nose; Isofra, Maxidine.
The use of any drug is made only with the permission of the veterinarian. Improper self-medication can lead to irreversible consequences.
In order to prevent the cat from encountering the disease, it is necessary to adhere to the following recommendations:
- Avoid drafts and damp. If the room is too humid, you should air it more often. To exclude inflammation of the mucous membrane of the bronchi and the appearance of undesirable consequences.
- Restricting a cat’s access to household chemicals.
- Although bronchitis is not transmitted by airborne droplets, it is best to avoid contact with other sick animals.
- Monitor the temperature of water and food. Food and drink should not be cold. The best option is from 25 to 40 degrees.
- Intake of vitamin. They help strengthen the immune system, which significantly reduces the risk of the disease.
- Avoid hypothermia. Not only street cats are affected, but also domestic cats. This can happen during / after bathing or, for example, from sleeping on a cold tile. Also, in too cold weather it is better to limit the walking time.
The article is informative. Remember that treatment depends on the degree of the disease and on the physiological characteristics of the animal. The appointment of drugs and their dosage is performed only by a specialist. Self-medication is extremely dangerous for your cat.
With improper treatment, there is a high risk of the transition of the disease to the chronic stage. Which can lead to serious complications, including death. If you consult a specialist in a timely manner, then with the right treatment, the prognosis is favorable.