What you need to know about the level of leukocytes in the blood of cats How to identify the disease Main causes of the disease Can the disease be cured What you need to know about the level of leukocytes in the blood of cats Let's start with the fact that the normal number of leukocytes is 5.5-18.0 * 109 / l. Ideally, if the level is kept in this range. Unfortunately, with various diseases, it can vary significantly. For example, if the content ...
What you need to know about the white blood cell count in cats
To begin with, the normal number of white blood cells is 5.5-18.0 * 109 / L. Ideally, if the level is kept in this range. Unfortunately, with various diseases, it can vary significantly. For example, if the white blood cell count is elevated, this is an alarming sign - most likely there is some kind of inflammation in the body. But do not worry right away. The cause may well be a mild cold.
Much worse if the level is much lower than normal. Then the diagnosis is simple - leukopenia. And this is already very bad. Often this disease is a consequence of sepsis - a serious reaction of the body to an infection. In this case, even the best medicines and quality treatment may not save the cat. However, it is not worth it to sound the alarm prematurely. Sometimes the white blood cell count drops simply because a large number of blood cells die in the foci of inflammation. But if a critical decrease in the level of white blood cells in the blood lasts not for several days, but for weeks, then the veterinarian will definitely prescribe a serious treatment.
How to identify a disease
It is possible to detect a low level of white blood cells in a cat only by the results of clinical tests. And it is desirable to identify any disease as early as possible - often the success of treatment depends on this. Therefore, it is very important to know by what signs a decrease in white blood cells can be detected. We list the main symptoms:
- The animal often has colds. In the most advanced cases, the cat can even catch pneumonia and chronic bronchitis.
- A digestive disorder that does not stop for a week or more, even with a change in feed.
- Gum disease - a cat refuses to eat, as it hurts to eat.
- Deterioration of the coat and skin.
In the most advanced cases, conjunctivitis, bloody vomiting may appear. But this happens relatively rarely.
So, if you notice such signs in your pet, you should visit the veterinarian as soon as possible and get a referral for a general blood test. Obtained by the formula indicators will allow you to more accurately determine the condition and, accordingly, make a more accurate diagnosis.
The main causes of the disease
As mentioned above, lowered white blood cells in cats affect the overall decline in immunity. To ensure successful treatment, you must first find out what is the cause of this.
First of all, this is, surprisingly, stress. If a cat lives under stress for many months and years, this leads to a variety of negative consequences. These include a violation of the bone marrow and, as a result, a decrease in the number of leukocytes produced.
Another possible reason is certain medications. For example, some drugs used to treat arthritis have an inhibitory effect on white blood cells, reducing their amount in the blood. But the problem in most cases is solved quite easily - just stop taking the medicine or switch to another, safer analogue.
Any inflammation leads to the fact that white blood cells and especially stab neutrophils in the blood fall sharply. Therefore, it is necessary to fight the inflammation itself in order to solve the problem at the root.
But there are specific diseases, due to which the white blood cells in the blood are lowered:
- A number of bacterial infections, ranging from an ordinary abscess to sepsis.
- Pancreatitis - with inflammation of the pancreas, it gradually leads to leukopenia.
- Diseases of the bone marrow are the most dangerous option, most often ending in the death of a cat.
Can the disease be cured
It is definitely impossible to answer this question. First you need to find out what caused the fall of nuclear-free uniform elements in the blood. Based on this, treatment is prescribed. In some cases, it is generally sufficient to eliminate the source of stress (ill-bred children, aggressive dog, larger and warlike cats) or stop taking medication.
In other cases, doctors prescribe multivalent serums, antiviral drugs, and antibiotics.
When detecting bone marrow diseases, even the best treatment can only slightly weaken the disease, pushing the inevitable end.
Alas, if a cat suffers from a disease that is dangerous to humans, it would be better to euthanize it.