One of the most common throat diseases in cats and cats is tonsillitis or acute tonsillitis. Often, simple inflammation can develop into viral stomatitis. Therefore, it is necessary to closely monitor the animal in order to notice at the first sign when the cat has a sore throat, and to avoid complications with the help of timely treatment.
During a sore throat, infection of the swallowing ring occurs, in which the throat and tonsils swell. The disease occurs due to infection of a cat or cat with microorganisms such as staphylococci and streptococci, and it must be treated immediately. Even if a cat has never had a sore throat, this does not mean that this ailment may not affect her. You need to carefully monitor the animal, and do not miss the moment when the pet has a sore throat.
Staphylococcus in cats is a type of microorganism that causes diseases that are complex both in treatment and in possible serious complications. This name unites a whole family of pathogenic microbes.
Streptococcus in cats is a type of microorganism that is caused by bacteria from the genus Streptococcus. It is considered the causative agent of severe pathological processes that require a quick reaction and relief.
Angina in cats and cats is always a strong inflammation of the throat, larynx and tonsils, which can be determined by certain symptoms. It does not happen without pain, nosebleeds, swelling of the mucous membranes, and in especially severe cases, the animal becomes difficult to swallow. This non-dangerous at first glance ailment can be a serious problem for the pet.
Types and signs
By the nature of the development of the disease, two forms are distinguished:
- chronic - the animal has a sore throat for several months.
- acute - develops instantly. The temperature of the animal rises, it is painful for the cat to swallow, the number of leukocytes and ESR in the blood increases. It is tolerated harder than chronic, but it passes quickly with well-chosen treatment.
According to the nature of the course of inflammation, depending on the microorganism that caused the disease, several types are distinguished:
- catarrhal - determined by tingling in the throat and pain during swallowing. The pharynx is inflamed in cats, the tonsils are slightly enlarged, a whitish coating is visible on the tongue, the temperature is slightly above normal, and in rare cases, the voice disappears.
- croupous - determined by edema and compression of the swallowing ring, the temperature is above the norm by 2-3 degrees. With a strong course of the disease, breathing is disturbed, shortness of breath appears, the cat refuses food and water, the throat hurts, and the mucous membrane acquires a pale shade. A cough appears when trying to eat food, and unpleasant discharge from the nose comes out, the cat can not meow, but can only wheeze.
- diphtheria - determined by gray-white plaque, temperature much higher than normal, infection of the mucous membranes of the mouth and nose, even blood. It rarely happens.
- ulcerative - is determined by small ulcers on the pharyngeal mucosa, especially in the tonsils. The temperature may be normal.
Home treatment is allowed only in the absence of serious complications, and if the cat does not refuse food and water. With severe manifestations of the disease, you should immediately consult a doctor.
During home treatment of the throat, you need to intensively maintain the body of the animal, and increase immunity.
- identify a cat in a warm room without drafts
- surround the animal with caress and care
- increase calorie intake and avoid indigestible food
- give your pet only warm liquid food
If on the second day there is no change for the better, and the animal still has a sore throat, it is urgent to contact a specialist and show him a cat or cat.
According to the results of the examination of the throat, the veterinarian can prescribe the best ways to maintain the body of the cat and cat:
- subcutaneous or intravenous glucose infusion
- alcohol compresses for warming
- in especially difficult cases - antibiotic therapy and parallel strengthening of intestinal microflora
It is strictly forbidden to prescribe antibiotics on your own to treat a sore throat in a cat. Only a specialist should make recommendations