Japanese dog breeds

Japanese dog breeds belong to a small group. All animals have a certain similarity between themselves. However, if you look closely at them, you can immediately find significant differences, both in character and in conditions of detention. So which breeds belong to the "Japanese", and what is the difference between each of them?

Akita Inu

This is a fairly large breed, which was bred about 2000 years ago. Its weight can reach 45 kg, and height at the withers - 71 cm. It is interesting that it was originally used to protect the imperial family and noble people of Japan. The dog is strikingly loyal to the family.

The appearance of akita, like other Japanese breeds, is peculiar. She has a large head and triangular eyes (or eyes, since they are quite small). The body of the animal is quite strong, and this is the main argument in quarrels with enemies. But for the owner, such a dog is, first of all, a faithful and devoted friend.

These dogs do not know how to bark for a long time, but they can make a lot of snorting, grunting sounds. Sometimes people get the impression that such dogs mutter something, as if talking to themselves.

The dog has one amazing trait - she likes to lick her body. In this way, she resembles feline representatives. In hunting, such an animal behaves like a tiger. It silently, like a cat, tracks down and pursues its prey, and at the right moment attacks it.

The distinctive features of the character of Akita are the following:

  • responds poorly to aggressive behavior and resentment;
  • requires mutual understanding with the owner;
  • always stand up for the owner and members of his family;
  • unpretentious in leaving;
  • needs socialization;
  • requires a balanced diet;
  • daily work required.

Such a dog requires great attention and special care. Only then will he respond with love and reciprocity. The dog should always live under the same roof with the owner. A pet can show unlimited love and care for other animals.

American Akita

The origins of this breed date back to the 6th century. Even then, the strongest representatives of the breed were used for hunting or grazing. There are cases when they hunted even bears.

The character of the American Akita is quite strong. She is very devoted to her master (like Hachiko). But in order for the animal to respect man, he should work not only on himself, but also on the upbringing of the pet. Strongly unacceptable methods of persuasion.

Such a dog is recommended to be trained and raised from early childhood. Otherwise, he will grow up naughty. But nobody wants to have a naughty 50-kilogram animal at home (it is up to such a weight that Akita grows). And boring and monotonous training will be completely unacceptable. In some cases, the help of an experienced trainer may be required to train a dog in useful ways.

The American gets along very well with children. But often noisy children's games can be misunderstood by the dog. She will try to put things in order. This suggests that during the games children with Akita should carefully monitor the process.

A dog often behaves like a cat and pursues any living creatures. So the animal during walks must be kept on a leash.

Akita have one feature - a heavy skeleton. Therefore, puppies should not be overloaded during physical exertion. Before you deal with pets, you must wait until their joints, muscles and ligaments get stronger.

Other features of the breed:

  • despite the beautiful and luxurious coat, the dog does not need to be combed often;
  • during molting it is necessary to do grooming daily;
  • you need to take the animal out for a walk more often, because at home he will be bored and not quite comfortable;
  • the dog rarely gets along with other relatives, and if it is in the same company with them, it often shows dominance;
  • the dog needs socialization since puppyhood.


The breed was bred in the mountainous regions of Japan. The isolation of this region allowed to some extent to preserve the thoroughbredness of the breed. Initially, it was displayed for hunting purposes. But the dog can be easily maintained in a city apartment.

This animal has a pronounced hunting instinct. The dog belongs to the herd, so from an early age it needs to be socialized. Successfully owns all the necessary communication skills with his relatives.

This dog can grow up to 55 cm. The main features of the character of kai are as follows:

  1. It is prepared for hunting in extreme conditions. Does not suffer from excessively high or low temperatures.
  2. Dogs are peaceful, but do not tolerate disrespect for themselves.
  3. Get along well with the kids. But with small children she should not be left unattended to avoid trouble.
  4. For the dog, the owner is, first of all, the leader.
  5. Representatives of kai are quite temperamental and tough. They without hesitation rush to protect the family.
  6. Shows independence in character. Very agile and agile.
  7. The dog barks infrequently.
  8. Relates with some suspicion to strangers. When threatened, he manifests himself as a fighter, and merciless.
  9. It does not show signs of aggression.


A dog can grow up to 55 cm. First of all, attention is drawn to its straight hair, curled tail and erect ears. The breed has been known since medieval times.

The dog is characterized by multifaceted talents. Interestingly, he is even capable of fishing. Kishu established himself as an excellent shepherd. After the end of World War II, the breed was assigned to the national treasures of Japan.

These are pretty hardy animals. Although they are somewhat rude and cold, they are by no means aggressive. If there was a desire to have such a pet, then you should remember that pussycat is difficult to educate and train. To do this, you need to show persistence and patience. Often during training, dogs are persistent. Physical exposure is highly undesirable.

Kissyu is loyal to her masters, always ready to protect them. The best place for her is a country house - there she will be able to spend her energy with might and main. Dogs rarely bark, even when hunting.

Sakhalin Husky

This breed has been known to man since the days of the Ancient World. Traditionally considered the best draft animal. Today, it is increasingly being bred as an original decorative pet.

Thoroughbred representatives are quite large in size. The animals have an elongated body, a strong and strong skeleton. The breed has small pointed ears, large and strong limbs that can withstand heavy loads. It is characterized by a thick and beautiful coat.

Sakhalin is calm at first glance, but loves active games. Not aggressive, but can always fend for itself. The animal does not like to attract attention and rarely barks. All representatives of this breed are distinguished by exceptional intelligence, and this facilitates the training and training of the dog.

The dog really needs contact with the owner. Otherwise, he will suffer from loneliness, which is badly reflected in his health. In any situation, the pet will protect the owner from enemies. Moreover, he is almost always friendly to all strangers.

Husky can feel good only with a strong and strong-willed master who has time for his four-legged friend and patience. He is required to organize the dog physical exercises, because she constantly needs them because of the structural features of the skeleton.

Dog training is better under the control of an experienced dog breeder. He will never suffer physical punishment. In the process of upbringing, all family members must adhere to a common opinion, as otherwise it will adversely affect the behavior of the pet. Another nuance - from an early age he will try to dominate.


This breed was created at the beginning of the last century. There is a version that her distant ancestors were Chow Chows. In Japan, it is considered a common breed, but outside the country it is quite rare. The breed is characterized by its individual characteristics:

  • wedge-shaped skull with a somewhat wide forehead;
  • full cheeks that complement the unusual skull;
  • scissor bite;
  • narrowed tip of the muzzle;
  • dark and deep set eyes;
  • short but strong neck;
  • well developed chest and muscles with a flat and strong back;
  • very strong hind limbs, which are somewhat opposed to the elegant and beautiful forelimbs;
  • tail twisted by a donut, which is raised high;
  • height reaches 46 cm, weight - 25 kg.

An interesting fact is that these dogs are mostly centenarians. Under excellent conditions of keeping and feeding, they can live up to 17 years.

Sanshu should always clean his ears. For this, there are special cotton buds and veterinary lotions. Claws need to be washed and cut only as needed. It is not recommended to bathe your pet often. For water procedures, it is worth buying veterinary shampoos. Once a week, you need to comb out your pet. You should brush your teeth regularly with specially selected toothpastes.

All sansyu quickly and easily learn commands. In the process of training it is necessary to avoid violence that the dog will never tolerate. The diet of such dogs should be balanced and enriched with vitamins. It is forbidden to give chicken bones, river fish, spicy or salty foods - animals will get sick from such foods.

Shiba Inu

This is one of the most common dog breeds in the land of the rising sun. In the Middle Ages, animals were often used for hunting entertainment - wild boar, deer, or in rare cases, a bear. Dogs also hunt game birds. In addition, the breed belongs to the Japanese national heritage.

Shiba Inu has a height of up to 41 cm, weight - up to 10 kg. It is characterized by quite strong muscles and a strong skeleton. The head is somewhat reminiscent in structure of a fox. The skull is wide enough with a sharp and noticeable transition to the muzzle. The tail is folded with a donut, set high. Paws are strong and compact.

These are active, bold and independent animals. Shiba requires a determined and strong-willed master who can reckon with the overly stubborn nature of his favorite. The owner should immediately establish dominance over the dog, otherwise the behavior of the animal may deteriorate.

The dog has a pronounced and noticeable hunting instinct. Since childhood, he needs socialization and communication with relatives. The dog should be kept on a leash all the time in a public place, because it can be very suspicious of strangers. During the game and playing sports, dogs behave very actively, so they can be taken for jogging, walking.

Shiba Inu bark very rarely. They can make high-pitched barks if something bothers them. However, they signal danger with a loud bark, which helps the owner use them as a guard.

Tosa Inu

Tosa Inu, or Japanese mastiff, is a large breed. Specially bred for active participation in battles. This breed is characterized by exceptional stamina, strength and ability to attack at the most crucial moment. This pet will perfectly cope with the duties of a watchman. Since these dogs are aggressive, it is very important to bring up the correct character traits in them in a timely manner.

The breed is small. Tosa looks very noble, despite the inherent aggressive character traits. Weight can reach 70 kg, although there are representatives of the breed, weighing 100 kg or more. Other features of the Tosa Inu breed:

  • wide and massive head, with a large and strong muzzle;
  • hanging ears, which are slightly adjacent to the cheekbones;
  • strict and smart look;
  • excellent and strong body, with clearly visible muscles;
  • strong skeleton with a wide lower back and chest;
  • flat and fit back;
  • straight legs;
  • short and dense coat.

Such dogs can test their fighting qualities on strangers. To avoid this, the pet is recommended to train and train. If done correctly, the dog will grow up to be a good friend and companion.

Such a pet is not suitable for those people who do not have the skills to raise fighting breeds or are not able to constantly walk them. Also, they are not suitable for those families in which children grow up. The animal requires long trainings and long walks, and enough time must be allocated for this.


This famous hunting dog breed is also called Ainu. It is classified as spitz-shaped. Such animals are among the most rare and expensive. The first information about it is found in 1000 BC.

The dog has a very beautiful and original appearance. She knows how to adapt perfectly to life in the mountains. It was in such regions that the basic qualities of character were formed. In difficult conditions, Hokkaido grows hardy, loyal and loyal. All this allows you to use them in the hunt.

Hokkaido is a primitive breed of dog. Its “primitiveness” means that it was formed only under the influence of natural selection. The main features of this breed:

  • wide skull and flattened forehead;
  • straight, almost wedge-shaped muzzle;
  • height - up to 51 cm, weight - up to 30 kg;
  • very strong jaws with the correct bite;
  • eyes are large, dark brown;
  • strong, strong, muscular neck;
  • the presence of spots on the tongue (this indicates a relationship with the breed of Chow Chow);
  • pronounced withers;
  • a taut belly with a well-developed and regular back;
  • straight forearms;
  • strong limbs, especially the hind;
  • claws and paw pads - black.

Hokkaido can be very affectionate or, conversely, ferocious. The main feature of their character is courage. Able to navigate the terrain in any conditions. Always self-confident, bold and decisive. All these qualities, of course, attract lovers, dog lovers, seeking to get such a pet.

Some dog owners say that this is such a "pool", in which there are still "devils". If you do not give the dog proper education, then he will grow up aggressive, vengeful. Often in such situations, he can simply run away from home.


This is one of the oldest dogs in Japan. The closest relative of the breed is Shiba Inu. The birthplace of the breed is the island of Shikoku. The height of an adult dog reaches 52 cm at the withers.

The animal has a short coat, dense undercoat. Thanks to this, the pet practically does not need grooming. The tail of the dog is sickle-shaped. The body is strong and muscular.

Shikoku are quite active temperament. They can live in an apartment, but in these conditions they need constant physical activity. Even in closed environments, such animals need due attention.

Every day, dogs must take long walks because they have developed a hunting instinct since birth. With great attention and some caution, they should be trained and educated.

The best place to live a four-legged pet is a cozy and spacious country house. Here, the pet can play and play enough. It should be remembered that the animal has an independent character. If he is brought up correctly, then he will get along well with other relatives and animals.

Japanese terrier

This is a wonderful hunting dog that can work on land and in water. Today, Japanese terriers are kept mostly as hunting. They belong to rare breeds, since their population is quite low. Breeding began in Japan in the 20s of the last century.Animals have a very sharp sense of smell and hearing.

The Japanese Terrier has an elegant and proportional appearance:

  1. The skull is rather flat, the muzzle is narrowed.
  2. Eyes of medium size, dark iris.
  3. The back is straight, muscular and strong.
  4. The colors are varied.

The structure of the hair of representatives of the breed is such that they can not be in a low temperature for a long time. Therefore, a home apartment is an ideal place for keeping a pet. In the home, the dog will play the role of a calm and loyal companion.

Walking with a dog is best in a park area. If the walk takes place in the winter, then the animal must be worn in overalls. At home, the pet should be protected from drafts so that it does not catch a cold.

Japanese terriers are very attached to a person, they know how to feel him and catch all the changes in mood. Animals love when the people around them are happy with them. Pets love to be in the spotlight all the time. If you do not play with the dog and leave it alone at home, then it can turn the home into a mess.

In no case should you accustom your dog to the foods that people eat. This is especially true for sweets that make the Japanese develop diabetes. Also, they can not be fed sausages. Feed should only be of high quality, for which they are bought in specialized veterinary stores.


Japanese chins were bred back in the 14th century. They weigh no more than 3.5 kg with a height of not more than 26 cm. Animals are considered the best companions for humans. An interesting fact - they have some habits typical of cats.

Hin can live in any room, including in a small closet. On the street, these dogs will not be able to survive, therefore, aviary conditions are completely unsuitable for them, and especially living on a chain.

Dogs have small ears, a very beautiful tail, thick hair. Sometimes it may seem that this dog sheds a lot. This is not true - if the pet is combed regularly, it will not cause any problems with molting.

Hina is easy to train, he will easily and naturally perform all tasks. But when the training is monotonous and boring, the pet will not perform any tasks. It should be prepared for the fact that all classes can be very difficult, because the animal requires attention to itself.

The dog is somewhat self-consciously behaving with strangers. And if they are silent all the time, then the animal will copy exactly the same character traits.

Japanese Spitz

These are miniature dogs bred in Japan at the end of the century before last. They are excellent companions for humans. Sometimes Japanese Spitz can be found in the circus. The growth of these dogs reaches 40 cm, and weight - up to 8, rarely - up to 10 kg.

The dog has an interesting pointed muzzle with a slightly rounded forehead, as well as erect and triangular ears. His magnificent tail spills onto his back. Only white coat color is considered standard.

Pets have a cheerful and courageous character. Very attached to the owners, devoted to them. With other people such dogs can be incredulous, often bark at them. In this regard, the animal can be used as a guard.

When raising, it is recommended to always be persistent. It is worth paying attention to the fact that cowardice of a pet is a serious drawback. Animals are immediately excluded from further breeding.

Dogs of Japanese breeds can be purchased only in specialized kennels. Since most of them are rare in our country, their prices can be very high. It is strictly forbidden to buy pets from the hands of breeders - there is a huge risk of getting a fake mestizo for elegant breeds.

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