Pugs - small, funny dogs with serious curious faces, are representatives of the oldest breed. Their roots go so deep into the centuries that the spirit of legends and traditions hangs around the origin. Today, representatives of this breed are excellent companions that can relieve spleen and bad mood. How could they carry their positive through the ages and remain loyal friends for a person?
History of breed origin
There are a great many versions about where these amazing dogs came from, but it’s worth stopping at the most plausible of them. Although there are references to small doggies with a shortened muzzle in the works of ancient Indians, most researchers nevertheless are inclined to believe that the country of origin of the pugs is China.
In the manuscripts of ancient times there is information about "square, low dogs, with a shortened muzzle. On the territory of this state there were two types of similar doggies -" Ha Pa "with long hair, and" Lo Tse "outwardly resembled the Pekingese, but their fur However, experts have no exact evidence whether these animals were the progenitors of modern pugs, because such qualities of appearance as short legs and a flat muzzle may be the result of inbreeding.
If at that time the Pekingese were imperial animals and were considered sacred, then the pug-like Lo Jie lived in the homes of noble people. True, some of them still lived in the palace of the emperor and could not leave him. Naturally, this indicates the privileged position of these dogs.
In ancient times, pug-like dogs did not have so pronounced wrinkles on their faces, but wrinkles in the forehead were already present. The Chinese rated them as a kind of hieroglyphics, which is a source of mystical meaning. This was an important sign that was maintained during the breeding of these dogs, it was considered a sign of the royal family.
It is believed that during the period when trade began to be established between continental and Far Eastern states, Luo Jie on ships of sailors came to the territory of Europe. This is not known for certain, but there is evidence that it was during this period that there was a surge in the popularity of pugs not only among royalty, but also ordinary people. By the way, among the Dutch, these dogs were called Chinese mastiff.
Pugs became a separate breed by the 16th century. Then they could be met at social events, where they acted as companions of secular ladies. At that time it was prestigious to have such dogs with an exotic appearance, moreover, they lived in the owner’s boudoirs and warmed them in cold chambers.
During the reign of Napoleon, pugs were even more widespread, since the favorite doggie of his wife Josephine, with whom she almost never parted, was a pug named Fortune. When the Napoleonic empire fell, the pugs fell into disgrace, however, after a while they regained popularity with the French.
Pug dog breed - photo
The first pugs that appeared in England had short, specially trimmed in this way ears, as well as tails twisted in different directions between the females and males. If the dog had his tongue stuck out, this was a definite advantage. At that time, pugs had muzzles longer than those of modern breed representatives, and flat noses were the result of selection work. The limbs were not so short; there was also no “square” format available to pugs now.
In addition, individuals with a modern appearance appeared in England, since serious work was carried out to improve this breed. In the 80s, there were immediately three important events in the formation of the breed, which occurred in England. Then the first pedigree club appeared, after 2 years there was an exhibition of pugs, and after 3 years the official standard requirements for the representatives of the breed were established.
Today, pugs are common in many countries, and these small dogs are ubiquitous at international-class shows.
Pug breed description
According to the standard, there are pugs with different proportions of the head. There are individuals with a convex, rectangular skull, normal head shape, as well as with a wide part of the muzzle and owners of a longitudinal hollow.
Puppies should show a slightly pronounced nose bridge. In the event that it is absent, this is attributed to significant disadvantages. But this is connected not only with the data specified in the standard, but also with the problems that the lack of a nose bridge entails. In this case, the dog has difficulty breathing, which later becomes the cause of disturbances in the activity of the heart muscle.
Pug dog - photo
The main external characteristics of pugs include the presence of specific wrinkles on the face. Among the requirements for them, the important thing is the obligatory symmetry, the creation of a beautiful picture. But at the same time, they should not sag, like folds of excess skin in bulldogs. As for the physique, the pugs are compact, proportional dogs with a developed muscle corset:
- Weight dogs varies within 4-8 kg, growth males - 30.5-32 cm, females - 28-30.5 cm.
- Head medium, with a flattened facial area and a small number of folds.
- Tail small, has the shape of a tight ring pressed against the body. If it forms a double ring, then this is an undoubted advantage of the pet.
- Eyes large, widely spaced, there is a small or strongly pronounced bulge. They are located on the same line with the nose, which should be black.
- Pugs have a more developed lower jaw; a pronounced snack is observed in the bite.
- Auricles small, well adjacent to the skull, thin with a high landing. The lower part consists of cartilage, and the upper one hangs down.
- Neck thickened, powerful, has a slight bend, the scruff is well developed. The chest is wide, the ribs have a pronounced bend.
- Coat short, thick, pleasant to the touch.
There are various colors of pugs, but gray-silver and individuals with an apricot color are more common.
See how a pug looks like a French bulldog.
Among the most characteristic features of thoroughbred representatives can be noted their sociability and friendliness, as well as a tendency to pranks. They need and appreciate the attention of their owners and love to be in the center of events. Having a rather modest size and a cute muzzle, pugs can perform security functions and quite often show courage, which they do not particularly expect. They like to keep everything in the house under control and respond to any, even minor, noise.
Owners of pugs are sure that the temperament of these animals directly depends on their color: pugs with black hair are excessively energetic, and with light-colored pugs they are more phlegmatic. The common belief is that pugs are very lazy dogs. But, despite the fact that their favorite pastime is imposing lying near their master, they are happy to go for walks and love active fun.
Dogs of this breed can find a common language with almost everyone, and even more so if it is surrounded by affection and love. But here it should be the owners to understand that these little dogs have a well-developed sense of self-esteem, so it will be erroneous to perceive them as a toy. Pugs are real jealous, which is what happens if the owner suddenly shows an excessive favor for someone else.
These doggies are very patient, which makes them possible to communicate with small family members. They don’t like cats, but they treat them quite calmly, looking down a little. They also get along well with other dogs. The goodwill of the pugs can play a cruel joke with them, since many cases of theft of these dogs have been reported. Therefore, the owners should carefully watch their four-legged friend on the walks so that he does not communicate with strangers.
Care and features of the content of pugs
It is unlikely that it will be possible to attribute pugs to too whimsical breeds, but they also need some care and have a number of nuances. The eyes deserve special attention in these dogs, since representatives of this breed suffer from corneal erosion - a chronic disease of an innate nature. Therefore, it is necessary to make sure that no changes with the eyes occur, and in which case give your pet antibacterials, naturally, after consulting a veterinarian. It is also important for pugs to get the right amount of vitamin A.
Pug puppies - photo
As you know, pugs are very fond of spending time near the owner, lying with him on the bed or sofa. However, the pet still needs its own place where the dog can rest, tired of the fuss and activity. It is necessary to place the stove bench away from drafts and heating appliances.
Walk with an adult pet should be two times - morning and evening, with a puppy or teenager more often. On the walks, the pet should splash out excess energy, so you should play with it or give commands. And since pugs belong to decorative breeds, they do not require long walks, moreover, they are not at all adapted to them.
These dogs are designed exclusively for home maintenance, as it is difficult for them to tolerate low or high temperatures. In addition to the eyes, the dog’s ears, skin and teeth should be regularly examined. If discharge from the eyes appears, wipe it gently with a cotton pad soaked in herbal decoction.
Read more: how to care for a pug.
Pug breeding features
This process has its own subtleties, so it is not recommended for beginners to engage in such activities. Improper crossbreeding can cause offspring with an appearance that is far from existing standards. But if there is a desire to breed dogs of this particular breed, it is worth listening to the opinion of professionals:
- Before knitting, you should undergo special training - for 3-4 weeks, give the pet preparations with an antihistamine effect and make sure that the dog gets rid of excess weight, if she has one.
- The earliest age for mating is 10 months.
- Fertilization will occur on average 10 days after the bitch begins to flow.
- Pugs need time to get to know each other, so you should not try to force things.
- To knit 100%, the meeting should be repeated after three days.
And most importantly, like many decorative females, pugs may require surgical intervention during childbirth, that is, a cesarean section. Therefore, it is important that the pregnancy proceeds under the supervision of a veterinarian.
Interesting names for pugs.
How to feed a pug
This process has a number of features that it is advisable to familiarize yourself with before having a four-legged friend in the house. For example, liquid food for pugs is not suitable because of their special structure of the muzzle and the location of the nostrils.
Owners note the unpretentiousness of these dogs in food. But veterinarians advise introducing 2-3 meals a day for pugs, while controlling the weight of the pet. Dogs are prone to obesity, and can gain weight, even eating exclusively industrial feeds. Therefore, you should give your pet food only at the norm, even if he asks for a supplement with his plaintive look. And these big-eyed cunning can deceive even the most vigilant owner, pretending to be hungry.
As for nutrition, it is advisable to consult with the breeder and at first feed the pet the way he used to before he got to the owner. This will make the process of getting used to the new home more comfortable. With natural feeding, it is advisable for pug puppies to give food containing milk - porridge, cottage cheese, steam omelet. You can also give soup. But all these dishes are excluded from the dog's diet by 3 months.
Pets of this breed should be fed mixed, combining premium and super-premium food with meat dishes and the addition of vegetables, giving sour-milk products. Although you can stick to one type of diet - dry diets or natural foods. It is especially important not to experiment, changing the types and brands of feed for no particular reason, or giving not very healthy products to your pet. With natural feeding, you must follow a number of rules:
- The pet menu should consist of meat parts by 70-80%, including fish, poultry, and offal here.
- 2-3 times a week, the pug is recommended to give chicken yolk, boiled or raw.
- Vegetables and sour-milk foods must be present in the daily diet.
The main thing is to strive to ensure that the pet receives a balanced diet in the required amount. In some cases, the dog will need additional sources of vitamins and minerals, but they should be given only after consulting a specialist.
Read more: than to feed a pug.
Pug puppy cost
As with other breeds, an important factor here is the purpose of acquiring a dog. A pet for subsequent exhibitions and breeding will cost a little more than a puppy for the role of emotional companion. The average price of show class puppies is 25,000-30000 rubles, and a pet dog costs around 10,000-12,000 rubles.
It is worth noting that through the Internet sites you can buy a pug puppy even cheaper, even from well-known breeders. But in any case, the health of the baby, the absence of defects and the availability of the necessary documentation are important. But to buy a pet without a vet of a passport from random breeders is not recommended, as there is a high risk of acquiring a dog with physical disabilities, which may occur over time.
Pugs are amazing tiny pets with a brave heart. They are able not only to brighten up the leisure of their owners, but also to be security guards, casting their voices at the slightest danger.
Read which dog is better to get in the apartment.
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